Talk given to the 3rd NZ Cider Festival 2018

It was great to be invited to talk at the 3rd NZ Cider festival on the history of cider in its “Golden Era” in England.

This was a fascinating time when cider rivalled wine as a sumptuous drink and laid the foundations to Champagne. This talk starts in the Medieval times before the Golden age 1600-1700 and explains how secondary fermentation was harnessed to made sparkling cider 80 years before bubbles were encouraged in the traditional still champagne wines